Rakhi Garhi (Archeological Mound)
Rakhigarhi is about to rewrite the 5000 year old history of our civilization. Recent
excavations at Rakhi Garhi in Hissar district of Haryana may push the history of
the civilization back by over a thousand years. It could change the commonly held
view about the Indus Valley civilization, as Rakhigarhi is situated on the bank
of the now dry, Saraswati river. Archaeologists and historians are excited about
the findings from Rakhigarhi, the largest Indus Valley site after Mohenjodaro. Senior
archaeologists consider this to be no ordinary Harappan site and say it is the most
important of all the archaeological sites of India. The unearthed clues may yield
answers to questions that have remained unanswered so far. Rakhigarhi findings have
already started showing new civilization contours.
The area and dimensions of the site are far wider than assessed by archaeologist
Raymond and Bridget Allchin and J M Kenyer. It is 224 hectares, the largest in the
country. In size, dimensions strategic location and unique significance of the settlement,
Rakhi Garhi matches Harappa and Mohenjodaro at every level. Three layers of Early,
Mature and Late phases of Indus Valley civilization have been found at Rakhi Garhi.
What has so far been found uncannily indicates that Rakhi Garhi settlement witnessed
all the three phases.
The site has trick deposits of Hakra Ware (typical of settlements dating back before
the early phases of Indus Valley). Early and Mature Harappan artifacts. The solid
presence of the Hakra Ware culture raises the important question: "Did the Indus
civilization come later than it is recorded?" The Hakra and the Early phases are
separated by more than 500-600 years and the Hakra people are considered to be the
earliest Indus inhabitants. Although the carbon-14 dating results are awaited, based
on the thick layers of Hakra Ware at Rakhi Garhi, it is said that the site may date
back to about 2500 BC to 3000 BC. This pushes the Indus Valley civilization history
by a thousand years or more.